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Home < Main Site Map < Banknotes of the Irish Private Banks < Ffrench's Bank Tuam and Dublin - Tuam Notes - Dublin Notes

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Banknotes of the Irish Private Banks
Ffrench's Bank. Tuam, Co. Galway and Dublin
1803-1814 failed

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Ffrench's Bank - 4 Series, 5 Partnerships



Tuam Bank with a Dublin branch


Ffrench's bank is one of the most well-known of the Irish private banks. Thomas Ffrench founded Tuam Bank in 1803, and opened a branch in Galway shortly thereafter. Ffrench's then opened a branch in Dublin in 1806. More detailed information on the background of Ffrench's bank, its founders and its partners can be found in Irish Numismatics, No 34, July-August 1973. Additionally, further references are at the bottom of this page.

The bank prospered in the early years and expanded with the addition of new partners. However, the bank collapsed on June 27th 1814 after a relatively short time in business.


Ffrench's Bank Note issues


Both the Tuam and Dublin branches issued banknotes and post bills. The design of notes and bills varied slightly between the two branches, and the bank's issues can be arranged into four major groups. The Galway branch has been refered to as a 'discounting house' and likely did not issue notes.

In its early days, Ffrench's Bank issued silver notes, denominated in shillings and for a value of less than £1. These notes were prohibited and required to be withdrawn by legislation after August 1804. A denomination of 3 Shillings 9 and a half pence (3s.912d, equal to one sixth of a Guinea) has been recorded for Ffrench's Bank.

Banknotes issued by Ffrench's Bank Tuam

Post bills issued by Ffrench's Bank Tuam

Banknotes issued by Ffrench's Bank Dublin

Post bills issued by Ffrench's Bank Dublin


Four Series of notes known for FFrench's Bank

There are four Series of banknotes and post bills for Ffrench's Bank by design, and five Types by partnership.
Series 1. ca1803-1804. Tuam only. One denomination recorded: 3s.912d.
Series 2. ca1806-1811. Tuam and Dublin. Denominations recorded: £1, £10, £100, 1.5G, 3G.
Series 3. 1811-1814. Tuam and Dublin. Vignette removed from design. £1, 30 Shillings, £3, £4, £5, £10 1G, 1.5G, 3G, 4G.
Series 4. 1814. Vignette reintroduced. Dublin address changed to 13 upper Ormond Quay. £1, 25 Shillings, 30 Shillings, £3, £4, 3G, 4G.

Five Types by partnership.
Type A. ca1803-1804. Hon. Sir Thomas Ffrench, Michael Morris, William Kearey.
Type B. ca1806-1808. Hon. Sir Thomas Ffrench, Michael Morris, William Kearey, Charles Ffrench.
Type C. ca1809-1811. Rt. Hon. Lord Ffrench, Henry Edm. Taaffe, Michael Morris, William Kearey, Hon. Charles Ffrench.

Type D. 1811-1814. Hon. Charles Ffrench, Henry E. Taaffe, Michael Morris, William Kearey, Hon. Thomas Ffrench, Hon. Martin Ffrench.
Type E. 1814. Hon. Charles Ffrench, Henry E. Taaffe, Michael Morris, William Kearey, Hon. Thomas Ffrench.


Note issues and known denominations of both branches of Ffrench's Bank

Ffrench's Bank 1803-1814
Thomas Ffrench & Co. 1803-1811

Series

Type
Date
Tuam Notes
Dublin Notes
Tuam
Post Bills

Dublin
Post Bills
Comments
1
A
ca1803-1804
3s.912d
n/a
None seen
n/a
Precedes opening
of Dublin Branch
2
B
ca1806-1808
None seen
£10, £100, 1.5G
3G
None seen
£100 in National
Museum of Ireland
2
C
ca1809-1811
£1
None seen
None seen
None seen
Only notes of
Tuam Branch seen
Charles Ffrench & Co. 1811-1814
3
D
1811-1814
£1, 30s, 1G, 1.5G
£1, 30s, £3, £4, £10
1G, 1.5G, 3G
£3, £4, £5, 3G, 4G
£3, £5, 3G, 4G
Design
a
4
D
1814
£1, 30s
25s, 30s
None seen
£3, £4, 3G, 4G
Design
b
4
E
1814
None seen
30s, £3, 1G
None seen
£3, £4, 3G
Only notes of
Dublin Branch seen
Notes: s = Shillings, d = Pence, G = Guinea. In place of 'half' the decimal value .5 is used in the table above.
Denominations in red have been reported but images are not available.
Created: 01.06.19, revised 15.04.21.



Design variations between Ffrench Tuam notes and Dublin notes


Different designs of the bank's logo were used to distinguish between Tuam notes and post bills, and those issued in the Dublin branch, as illustrated below.

Additionally, there are variations in the main titles between the Tuam and Dublin issues of notes and bills.
Series 2 Banknotes: The title field varies on banknotes and post bills issued in Tuam and Dublin .
Series 3 Banknotes: Tuam issue, the title is TUAM BANK in uppercase serif. Dublin issue, the title is 'Dublin' in script.
Series 4 Banknotes: Tuam issue, the title is Tuam Bank in gothic script. Dublin issue, the title is 'Dublin' in gothic script.

Series 3 Post bills issued in Tuam have the top title of 'Tuam Bank PBill' in upper case.
Post bills issued in Dublin have the top title of 'Bank Post Bill' in upper case.
Series 4 Post bills issued in Dublin have the top title of 'Bank Post Bill' in gothic script.

Variations in the Ffrench's Bank logo used in the Tuam and Dublin branches. Logos used on banknotes and post bills were the same.
Ffrench Tuam notes and Dublin notes

Series 1. Type A, Tuam
Ffrench's Bank. Tuam. Three Shillings, nine and a half pence

Series 2. Type C, Tuam. Type B, Dublin
Ffrench's Bank. Tuam One PoundFfrench's Bank. Dublin 10 Pounds
Ffrench's Bank. Tuam 3 Guineas

Series 3. Type D, Tuam. Type D, Dublin
Ffrench's Tuam Bank. 30 Shillings 1813Ffrench's Bank. Dublin Three Pounds
Ffrench's Tuam Bank. Dublin 4 Pounds 1811Ffrench's Tuam Bank. Post bill 3 Pounds 1811

Series 4, Type D. Tuam, Dublin
Ffrench's Tuam Bank. 1 Guinea 1813Ffrench's Bank Dublin. 30 Shillings 1814
Ffrench's Bank. Tuam Three Pounds 1st June 1814

Series 4, Type E. Dublin
Ffrench's Bank. 30 Shilling note 1814Ffrench's Bank. Three Guineas 1814



Linked Picture Pages of Ffrench's Banknotes and Post Bills

Banknotes issued by Ffrench's Bank Tuam.
Post bills issued by Ffrench's Bank Tuam.
Banknotes issued by Ffrench's Bank Dublin.
Post bills issued by Ffrench's Bank Dublin.



References

Dutton, H. (1824). A statistical and agricultural survey of the county of Galway. Dublin: Graisberry, pp. 417-419.
Young, D. (July-August 1973). The Private Banks and Their Notes, Ffrench's Bank 1803-1814, Irish Numismatics Magazine, No. 34, pp. 170-174.





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Tuam Bank 30 Shillings 1813
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