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Irish Paper Money

Central Bank of Ireland 100 Pounds B Series
Irish papermoney blog
B Series 100 Pound note Grainuaile
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Website last updated: 07.03.2019

Welcome to irishpapermoney.com, the web's oldest resource on the paper money of Ireland, live since mid-2000. Our web site aims to be a source of information for collectors from around the world of Irish currency notes, with hundreds of images of all series of Irish banknotes. It also presents interesting and new information for collectors through the attached forum.

New Polymer banknotes circulating in Northern Ireland. Bank of Ireland, Danske Bank and Ulster Bank Polymer banknotes have entered circulation in Northern Ireland. Denominations issued are as follows: Danske Bank, £10 notes; Ulster Bank, £5, £10 notes; Bank of Ireland, £5, £10 notes.

ZZ replacements have been seen for both Bank of Ireland denominations. The replacement prefix continues from the previous series. The Bank of Ireland regards the new polymer note designs as being part of its current Bushmills series.

First Trust Bank (part of AIB) has decided to cease issuing banknotes.

Latest significant additions to irishpapermoney.com

Extra banknote pictures are being added constantly, as they are scavenged from the web. The latest pictures to be added are some images of designs for the Series B £100 note, pictured following. Also added is a rare number 000001 Ploughman note, a £10 note from the Provincial Bank of Ireland.

Please submit missing dates and images via the forum, or by email.

Major additions of new sections are listed on the updates and contents page.
The section on Old Notes, pre-partition all-Ireland issues 1918-1928 has undergone a major revision with the addition of over a hundred new images from all the issuing banks. This upgrade is now complete as far as is possible. The addition of extra images to the sections on banknotes from 1783 to 1918 is underway on a phased basis.

• Occasional lists Irish Banknotes for Sale are available.
• Consume the latest news on the Irish Paper Money Feed.

31.08.18: Series B £100 note. Pictures have become available from the Central Bank of Ireland archive of the face and reverse of the first design mock-up of the Irish Series B £100 note, produced in 1979. A page has been added: B Series 100 Pounds Granuaile, with pictures of the note design. The date is interesting, 10.9.79, a nod from the designers to the first date of the A Series notes. This mock-up was submitted by Servicon to the Central Bank of Ireland in August 1979. The so-called Siobhán McKenna note, which used the Irish actress as a model for the portrait. Note the old style numbering system, used on A Series notes. Whilst the overall design was broadly acceptable, the portrait design was rejected.

The map of Ireland on the reverse is based on the earliest known example of a map of the island, dating from 1567.
There will be more on these to follow. More pictures and updates are on the B Series section of the Irish papermoney forum.

Series B 100 note
Series B hundred pound note
Central Bank of Ireland 100 Pounds Series B. Images courtesy of the Central Bank of Ireland Archives.

Ireland 100 Pounds

12.05.18: Added new introduction sections to Old Notes: Bank of Ireland 1783-1918, Belfast Bank 1825-1920, National Bank of Ireland 1835-1919, Northern Bank 1824-1918, Provincial Bank of Ireland 1825-1918, Ulster Bank 1836-1919 in preparation for the addition of new image galleries to these sections with a greatly enhanced range of banknote images. The introductory sections briefly list all the major Types of notes issued by each bank, with illustrations of many notes.

01.11.17: Added three sections to Old Notes: Northern Bank 1921-1927 Dates, Northern Bank overprints, and Ulster Bank 1921-1928 Dates, listing the known dates of issue for the banks in this period, with an image of every available date. Also upgraded the Northern Bank and Ulster Bank sections for this period with the addition of many new images.

12.10.17: Added a section to Old Notes, National Bank of Ireland 1918-1920 Dates, and National Bank of Ireland 1921-1927 Dates listing the known dates of issue for the bank in this period, with an image of every available date. Several dates remain to be recorded.

Latest additions of significant banknote images

Ploughman Ten Pound Note number 1
Added 22.07.18.
Provincial Bank of Ireland, Ten Pounds Ploughman, number 000001. Very few Irish banknotes numbered 000001 have been seen, and just five Ploughman notes numbered 000001 have been recorded. This note is the second 10 Pound note to be seen, National Bank number 000001 note is in a museum. Judging by the condition of this note, and the pencil sum on the reverse, it appears that the note was in circulation, got paid into a bank and added to a bundle. Someone noticed it and saved it. This is a banknote of the highest rarity and desirability from one of the more sought-after series of Irish notes. It is nice to see that such notes have survived to the present. This is the only number 000001 Ploughman note known in private hands, the other four being in museum collections. More about number 000001 notes are on the page about Irish Number 000001 Banknotes and low numbers issued in Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Bank of Ireland 5 Pounds 1922

Added 01.03.18.
Bank of Ireland, Five Pounds 10 Mar 1922, prefix R12. Image added to the Bank of Ireland date listings. The note fills in nicely the middle of a gap of three dates which remained to be recorded.

04.12.17: Added an image of a 10 Shilling Ballykinlar Token.
Ballykinlar Token 10 shilling

04.12.17: Added an image of a 10 Shilling Ballykinlar Token.

17.12.16: Added several new images to Bank of Ireland in the Old Notes section, Series F and Series G (1918-1921) completing the section by known notes. The additions include several very rare notes: £5, 1919 Baskin; £5, 1919, Fleming; £10 1920, Fleming.

15.10.16: Added an image of a National Bank Twenty Pound Note dated 6 May 1929, one of the great rarities of the Northern Ireland issues.
20.03.16: ETO War Code £20 note, dated 10.1.44, added to the view by dates section. This is a rare note, and is an important addition to the census of surviving twenty Pound notes.

The Ploughman Scan Survey (PSS) is a census of all surviving Ploughman notes

The PSS survey aims to record all surviving Consolidated Bank Notes, by saving an image of each one. One aim is to establish the relative rarities of different issues with respect to each other. Another aim is to build up a knowledge base of the grades of surviving notes.

This is the first survey of its kind carried out on Irish currency notes. With over 3300 notes recorded so far, amounting to greater than 9% of the total value of Ploughman notes outstanding, results and updates are presented in the Ploughman notes forum attached to irishpapermoney.com. The PSS survey has been underway for several years, and is building up a useful database on the Consolidated Ploughman notes.

Detailed results are published periodically.

Northern Bank Ploughman Pound note
A Ploughman note. The Northern Bank Knox signature One Pound is one of the rarer notes of this series.

Buying and Selling Old Irish Banknotes

I am always interested in buying old Irish notes, both for my own collection and to resell. I occasionally have Irish bank notes for sale by mail order.

I am happy to give valuations of old Irish bank notes free of charge whether or not they may be for sale. Do feel free to email me, or to post on the valuations requests thread. There is also background information on recent auction sales and values on the forum.

Before selling your old notes, you are always best advised to get several quotes, and estimates of their value. You may decide that you prefer to put your old notes into an auction, or sell them on-line. Be aware of the fees that are charged for these services.

If you are valuing them yourself using a catalogue, or on-line resource, then you should become familiar with grading the condition of the notes. A general guide to grading is also on this web site, using old Ten Shilling notes as examples.

Some old Irish notes are very valuable, for example, those dated 1928; or some of the war code notes (1940-1944); and some series are generally of significant value, such as the Ploughman notes. Detailed current valuations for Ploughman notes in the forum are kept up to date. Some of the rarer Irish notes are very valuable.

Books on Old Irish Banknotes

I produce a regular 76 page soft cover catalog of Irish notes, "Irish Banknotes, Irish Papermoney 1928–2001", which is updated approximately once every three years.

The 2017 edition of "Irish Banknotes, Irish Papermoney 1928-2001" is currently available, details on the books page. It is available from some dealers who sell Irish notes.

Collecting Paper Money of Ireland

The Structure of Irish Paper Money Issues is briefly as follows: Old Notes (1783-1928), issued by the Joint stock commercial banks; Currency Commission and Central Bank of Ireland Legal Tender Notes (Irish Government issue, 1928-2001), and Consolidated Bank Notes (Ploughman notes, issued by the commercial banks, 1929-1941); Northern Ireland notes (issued by the commercial banks, 1929-present day).

The web site site main page links to all the Series of paper money of Ireland, and a pictorial history of Irish currencies which shows the progression of issues of Joint stock commercial banks from 1783 through to modern era Government issues. A section to be added at some stage will cover issues of the Private banks which generally are pre-1835.

Dates on Irish banknotes
One of the more interesting things about Irish banknotes is that every note has a date on it. This gives collectors a lot of extra scope for planning their collections. The reason for the dates is security, with each date corresponding to a particular prefix or group of prefixes. Irishpapermoney.com aims to presents an image of every date of each of the banknote series.

The Lavery Legal Tender Notes (the A Series) are widely regarded as being one of the great world series of banknotes, being issued more or less unchanged for nearly 70 years, from 1928 to 1977. In addition to these, the Ploughman series (1929-1941) is also an attractive and highly sought-after note issue. Both series fall under the interest of Commonwealth collectors. During the second world war a special marking was added to Legal Tender notes, of a letter in a circle, creating an interesting variation to the basic design, the Emergency Tracer Overprint war code notes.

Lavery Pound Note 1945
Lady Lavery One Pound note—A Series Legal Tender Note.

The Modern Irish Currency 1928–2001

At the time of the establishment of the Irish Free State there already existed a sophisticated banking system throughout the island of Ireland, which utilised the English Pound Sterling as a currency in various different forms. Sterling had been Legal Tender in Ireland since 1826. Before this, there had been an Irish Pound which was separate from the Pound Sterling, and had had a different value to it.

During British rule a great variety of banknotes circulated in Ireland from about 1709 onwards. Currency stability had been attained by the time of the Bankers (Ireland) Act, 1845, which built on earlier acts and regulated the issue of paper money in Ireland. Banknotes then were issued by six commercial banks under license from and control of the Bank of England. English currency circulated also.

After Irish independence in 1921 the need for a distinctive Irish currency and an authority to control it became apparent. A Banking Commission was appointed on 8 March 1926 by the Minister for Finance to study the matter. The Banking Commission recommended the establishment of a new currency, the Saorstat Pound, linked at parity to British Sterling, and an issuing authority, the Currency Commission to oversee the new note issue. The Irish Pound was divided into 20 shillings, and issued in seven denominations, 10 Shillings, £1, £5, £10, £20, £50, and £100.

The currency circulating in Ireland changed radically with the provisions of the 1927 Currency Act. The Currency Commission was created and commenced the issue of Irish Legal Tender Notes in 1928 (this became known as the Lady Lavery series). In 1929 the Associated (commercial banks) Banks' issues in the island of Ireland split into Consolidated Banknotes (based on the Federal Reserve system in the US) controlled by the Currency Commission in the Irish Free State, and a new Belfast issue in Northern Ireland.

In 1943 the Currency Commission was dissolved and replaced by a new regulatory authority, The Central Bank of Ireland with increased powers. This was on the findings of a report by a second Banking Commission in 1938. The Central Bank Act, 1942 established the The Central Bank of Ireland in place of the Currency Commission and provided for the withdrawal of the right of note issue from the commercial banks, leaving the Legal Tender Notes the only notes issued in Ireland.

With parity of value between Sterling and the Irish Pound, Northern Ireland notes and Bank of England notes always continued to circulate in the Irish Free State and later the Republic of Ireland, though the notes of the Currency Commission and later the Central Bank of Ireland did not circulate in Britain or Northern Ireland.

This system continued up until Ireland became part of the ERM in 1979, breaking the link with Sterling. Ireland went on to be a founding member of the Euro zone in 2002, which lead to the replacement of the Irish Pound in circulation by the Euro. The last Irish note to be issued was a £50 note, dated 8 March, 2001.

Primary Sections on irishpapermoney.com

A Series (Lavery)B SeriesC SeriesPloughman NotesOld pre-partition notes
Northern Ireland NotesReplacements and ErrorsWorld War 2 issuesVariations in Irish Notes
Limerick SovietBallykinlar TokensHistorical Timeline of Irish BanknotesAbout Ireland
Irish Banknote BookGrading GuideCurrent News and Forum

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